Wudu (ablution)

Before offering the prayer one must be in good shape and pure condition. It is necessary to wash the parts of the body which are generally exposed to dirt or dust or smog. This performance is called ABLUTION (Wudu’).

The Noble Qur’an – Al-Mâ’idah 5:6

O you who believe! When you intend to offer As-Salât (the prayer), wash your faces and your hands (forearms) up to the elbows, rub (by passing wet hands over) your heads, and (wash) your feet up to ankles. If you are in a state of Janâba (i.e. had a sexual discharge), purify yourself (bathe your whole body). But if you are ill or on a journey or any of you comes from answering the call of nature, or you have been in contact with women (i.e. sexual intercourse) and you find no water, then perform Tayammum with clean earth and rub therewith your faces and hands. Allâh does not want to place you in difficulty, but He wants to purify you, and to complete His Favour on you that you may be thankful.


Steps to Wudo

1. First, make the Niyyah (intention) in your heart that this act of Wudu is for the purpose of preparing for Salah, and say: “Bismillah” (in the name of Allah). 

2. Wash both hands up to the wrists (starting with the right hand and alternating) three times, making sure that water has reached between the fingers.

3. Take water with your right hand, put it into your mouth and rinse thoroughly three times.

4. Take water with your right hand, splash it into your nose and blow it out three times. (Use the left hand if necessary to help blow it out).

5.Wash your whole face three times repeatedly. (The whole face includes: the right ear to the left ear, and the forehead to the bottom of the chin).

6. Wash the right arm thoroughly from wrist to elbow three times, and make sure that no part of the arm has been left unwashed.  Repeat with the left arm.

7.  Move the palms of the wet hands lightly over the head, starting from the top of the forehead to the back of the head, and passing both hands over the back of the head to the neck, and then bringing them back to the forehead.

8. With the same water, rub the grooves and holes of both ears with the wet index fingers, while also passing the wet thumbs behind the ears from the bottom upward.

9.  Finally, wash both feet to the ankles three times, starting with the right foot.  Make sure that water has reached between the toes and covered the rest of the foot.

10. At the end of the above steps recite shahada: “Ashhadu alla ilaha illallahu, wa ash-hadu anna muhammadan abduhu wa rasuluhu.” which means: “I bear witness that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah alone, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and His messenger.”

What Nullifies Wudu?
1. Natural discharges, i.e., urine, stools, gas, etc…
2. The flow of blood or pus and the like from any part of the body;
3. Vomiting;
4. Falling asleep;
5. Losing one’s reason by taking drugs or any intoxicating stuff.

After the occurrence of any of these things the ablution must be renewed for prayer. Also, after natural discharges, water should be applied because the use of toilet tissues may not be sufficient for the purpose of purity and worship.


Note: If you put on your socks, shoes, or sandals (only those that cover most of the foot) while you have a valid Wudu, it is not necessary to take them off every time you need to renew your Wudu.  You can leave them on and wipe the top of each covered foot once with wet hands in place of washing the entire foot. You may do this up to twenty-four hours, or for three days if you are on travel.

Note: Sisters if you are in public in hijab you do not have to remove your hijab to wash the head. As long as your can wipe 3 strands of hair you are good.

2 Responses “Wudu (ablution)” →
  1. I will share this information for sure!!

  2. Very good write-up, I’ll bookmark Wudu (ablution) Tales of A Modern Hijabi.


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